An endoscope is introduced into the gastrointestinal tract to examine the mouth, oesophagus, stomach and duodenum. The procedure is performed under local anaesthetic or sedation and may take 10 to 15 minutes. Gastroscopy is safe and has minimal complications.
The endoscope is introduced via the anus to examine the rectum and colon. The procedure is performed with sedation and requires bowel preparations a day prior. Colonoscopy is usually completed within 30 minutes, it is safe and the most serious complication is perforation (tear) which occurs in 1 in 1000 patients.
Bleeding or blood in the stool
Change in bowel habits
Abdominal pain or discomfort
Family history of colorectal cancer or polyps
Screening for all patients> 50years